Mandala Art for Beginners

Mandala Art for Beginners

Introduction to Mandala Art

Mandala art is a centuries-old way of expressing creativity and connecting to inner peace. It’s a type of meditation and relaxation. Everyone can enjoy mandala art – novices or experts alike!

Here, we explore the basics of this craft, what supplies to use and how to begin:

Definition of a Mandala

Mandala art is a complex form of art. It is usually a circular object with intricate, colorful patterns. Mandala comes from a Sanskrit word meaning “circle“. Its purpose is to help with meditation and contemplation. It also is used in Asian initiation ceremonies, rituals, and festivals.

Mandalas are known for their geometric patterns. These patterns represent parts of nature and the world around us. They usually have four primary shapes radiating outward in a symmetrical pattern. There is an omnicentric design with symbols along the four cardinal directions. Many different color combinations are used within the four sections. These can be yellow, blue, green, red or any combination. Other elements like circles, petals or spokes may be added for more complexity.

History of Mandala Art

Mandalas have been around for centuries. They were used to symbolize cosmic order, with religious symbols like deities, astrological bodies, or elements of nature. It also created a meditation focus, connecting people to the divine spirit.

Back in the prehistoric era, mandalas were painted on rocks and found on old artifacts. It’s believed that these symbols express harmony and balance, which is why they are used in prayer practices. Monks in Buddhist cultures painted these intricate designs on paper. In the 17th century, Hindu tantric traditions used mandalas in yoga, focusing on symmetrical images that show inner states of consciousness.

Nowadays, you don’t have to be a monk to get access to mandala art. It’s available in many forms, such as:

  • books
  • classes
  • prints
  • wall decorations of different sizes and shapes.

Plus, there are no rules or expectations when it comes to creating your own mandala design; choose whatever colours and shapes that you find meaningful.

Materials Needed

Are you new to Mandala art? Wondering what supplies you need? There are many options for creating Mandala art. Here’s a list of basics for every beginner. Get started!

  • Mandala art paper
  • Pencils
  • Eraser
  • Compass
  • Ruler
  • Protractor
  • Fine-tipped markers
  • Colored pencils
  • Colored pens
  • Watercolor paints


For mandala art, you’ll need quality paper, colored pencils/markers, and an art eraser/rubber. Look for smooth, medium weight paper e.g. Bristol or illustration board. Heavier surfaces aren’t ideal, as they can create dull colors. The paper should withstand erasures without destroying the original work. Colored papers add texture and dimension for mandalas of any size.

Creating mandala art is calming and enjoyable for beginners.


Pencils are a great tool for art. When creating mandala art, a hard lead pencil is a great choice. Lead grades range from 5H to 8B, with HB in the middle. 3H to 5H will make lighter, less intense lines. For richer saturation, use 4B or 6B.

Pencils with an eraser can help draw fine lines. Find pencils that are comfortable in your hand. Then create your mandala with ease and confidence!

Colored Pencils

Colored pencils are perfect for your mandala art. Easy to use, they come in a variety of colors and shades. To get intricate details, grab a set with warm yellows, oranges, and reds, as well as cool blues, greens, and purples. Include classic colors like black and white, plus metallic hues for extra sparkle. Buy pencils that say ‘non-toxic‘ so they’re safe at home or in the studio.


An eraser can be great for mandala art. Buy a good one, so you don’t smudge or smear your designs. The type of eraser depends on the medium. Like, if you’re using pencils and paper, a kneaded eraser is good. For markers or fine liners, a gum eraser will help with mistakes. Whatever the medium, having the right eraser matters. It can be the difference between a masterpiece or a mess!

Drawing a Mandala

Drawing a mandala can be calming and therapeutic! It’s an awesome activity to do with your buddies or alone. Though it may seem intimidating initially, once you grasp the basics, you can make gorgeous and complex designs!

Let’s look at the steps for mandala crafting and the stuff you’ll require:

Start with a circle

Making a mandala is an easy and calming activity. It helps you make beautiful, complex, and unique art. Mandalas are circular – they don’t have a top or bottom. Often, they contain symmetrical patterns.

Start with a simple circle in the middle of your paper. If you’re not experienced at drawing, don’t worry about making it perfect! Use a pencil to lightly draw the circle.

Next, use a ruler or straight edge. Divide the circle into sections. This will create parts within your mandala that you can fill with shapes or designs.

Add more circles inside the first one. Divide them into sections. Fill them with patterns or symbols. Make sure each ring is evenly spaced.

You can add simple shapes like rectangles, triangles, ovals, or diamonds. Or, try intricate doodles or motifs.

Draw a pattern inside the circle

To draw a mandala, start by making a circle. You can use a compass or trace a round object like the edge of a plate or cup. Draw two lines crossing at the center. This helps you identify four directions: North, South, East and West.

From each direction, draw eight arcs. These are: North-East, East-Northeast, East-Southeast, South-East, South-West, West-Southwest, West-Northwest, and North-West. The arcs create your pattern. Draw lines from the center to divide the circle into 8 sections.

  • In each section, make small loops and spirals.
  • Connect the sections with intricate paths.
  • Decorate with symbols and decorations from catalogs, furniture, or toys.
  • Fill with bright colors or shades to personalize your work.

Add details to the pattern

Adding details to your mandala can help make it more complex and visually appealing. Incorporate small patterns or figures for visual interest. Designing a mandala is all about creativity and experimentation.

Here are some ideas:

  • Start with shapes like circles or squares, then add intricate lines or patterns.
  • Use curves and color for an abstract touch.
  • Layer small shapes in the center.
  • Lines, dots and stars bring dimension.
  • Outline sections with angular shapes.

Remember, creativity makes a beautiful mandala pattern. Have fun!

Color your mandala

Adding color can transform your mandala from a pattern to art. It’s a personal decision. Choose shades or hues in the same family. Or have a rainbow effect with different colors. Here are tips for choosing your palette:

  • Pick core colors from the wheel (red, yellow, blue, orange, green, purple etc.). Go for bright and bold or pastel and muted.
  • Decide if you want an ombre effect (light to dark) or multiple shades in each section.
  • Consider accents like glitter pens or white pencils.
  • Use thin masking tape to keep clean lines between colors.
  • Soften sharp edges by blending darker colors into lighter ones with quills, brushes, sponges etc.

Finishing Touches

Mandala art needs a final touch. This is very important! Many elements in the design, like colors, details, and shading come together to make something beautiful. Knowing how to finish a mandala can take many years.

Here are some tips and strategies for adding the last touches to your mandala design:

Add shading and highlights

Adding shading and highlighting finishes creating a mandala. Shading adds depth and dimension, while light colors and techniques create gradations that make the design stand out.

Shading depends on the medium. For colored pencils, parallel lines blend together. With acrylics or watercolors, gradually add more paint for a 3D look.

Highlighting uses lighter colors to bring out detail. Stippling with pencils or using diluted paint washes brighten up an object.

Using the right shading and highlighting techniques will draw eyes to the center point, creating balance in all directions.

Use a blending tool

A blending tool is perfect to give your mandala art project a subtle, professional finish. Paint, colored pencils, markers or another medium – it’s up to you! Many crafters opt for cotton swabs.

  • Dip the cotton swab into water.
  • Start adding loops and curves of color to the center of your mandala design. This will give the piece that gentle sparkle and lifelike feel. Be careful not to rub too hard or too long in one area. Too much smearing or fading of the colors could occur.
  • Move quickly but deliberately around the design while blending and softening the colors. Keep going until you’re happy with the finished look. You’ll be proud and amazed at your masterpiece!

Frame your mandala

Now that you’ve completed your stunning mandala, it’s time to show it off! Before displaying, you should give it a few finishing touches. Framing is important for protecting and showcasing your artwork.

When framing, there are essential elements to consider. These include the frame material, mat size, mat color, and glazing type. Additionally, less essential choices can add a visual punch to your framed mandala.

  • Frame material: This is essential. Wood frames offer a classic look. But metal or plastic frames also work.
  • Mat size: The mat should be large enough so the mandala extends beyond its borders into the window openings. This creates an eye-catching effect.
  • Mat color: Contrast colors that highlight other elements in the piece are ideal. Whites and blacks often provide excellent options for contrast. Softer neutrals can work too.
  • Glazing type: This depends on what looks best. Plexi-glazing provides UV protection with minimal reflection and excellent clarity. But it’s more costly than traditional glass glazing.


Crafting a mandala is great for discovering your creative side and can be highly rewarding! It’s an amazing tool for calming and utilizing your imagination. Mandalas are a fantastic way to express yourself artistically, plus they make for a good meditative practice.

Let’s examine the significance of mandalas; how they can offer a sense of attachment and healing:

Benefits of creating mandala art

Mandala art is an awesome way to explore your creativity and use it for a healthy form of stress relief. Drawing and coloring mandalas can help increase focus and concentration, making it great for both adults and kids. Mandalas are a great tool to help people of all ages express feelings, gain mental clarity, and have fun.

A few advantages of creating mandala art are:

  • Inspiring creative expression – You can make each mandala your own by choosing colors and patterns in the circular shape. This gives you the chance to work through any emotions related to life issues.
  • Boosting focus & concentration – Drawing or coloring mandalas reduces stress since it engages both sides of the brain. It requires full attention to draw out the intricate details in each side of the circle.
  • Reducing anxiety & increasing mental calm – The repetitive nature of creating a mandala is like meditation. It encourages being in the moment while focusing on beauty and harmony. The circles promote deep breathing which leads to improved overall health.
  • Expressing emotion & imagination – Through colors and shapes comes self-expression, which can be empowering for children. Anything that uses both sides of the brain increases confidence and problem-solving skills.

Creating mandalas is a great way to practice mindfulness! You can create amazing art by using your imagination – give yourself some time and patience when creating the mandalas in your mind!

Tips for creating mandala art

Making mandala art is a peaceful and artistic task. Here are some tips for making beautiful mandalas:

  1. Select a shape to be the base of your artwork. Common shapes include circles, squares, and stars. You can also use more intricate shapes!
  2. Use colored pencils or markers to draw a spiral from your chosen shape. Remember to take your time. Let this be a calming experience!
  3. Draw swirls or patterns within the main shape to create images. Try to make flowing designs that direct the eye to the center.
  4. Make uniform lines to connect everything, so the project looks finished and professional.
  5. Add color and shading to bring your design to life. You can use paint brushes, marker pens, or colored pencils.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is mandala art?

Derived from the Sanskrit word for “circle,” mandala art refers to the practice of creating intricate geometric designs within a circular form, often seen in spiritual and religious art.

2. What materials do I need to start making mandala art?

You’ll need a sturdy surface to work on, such as a canvas or paper, as well as pens or markers in various colors. A compass and ruler can also come in handy for creating precise lines and shapes.

3. Do I need to have drawing skills to make mandala art?

No, anyone can make mandala art! The beauty of these designs is in the repetition of simple shapes and lines, so even beginners can create intricate and beautiful pieces.

4. How do I get started with making mandala art?

Begin by choosing a simple design or pattern to work from, then use a pencil to lightly sketch the basic shapes and lines. From there, you can begin to add detail and color.

5. Can I use mandala art as a form of meditation?

Yes! Many people find that the repetitive nature of creating mandala art can be a calming and meditative practice.

6. Are there any traditional meanings behind specific mandala designs?

Yes, some traditional mandala designs may have specific meanings or symbolism. However, as a beginner, it’s more important to focus on the process of creating and enjoying the art form.

Anjali K.
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